Along with vomiting, nausea is another of the first symptoms that many women feel throughout the first trimester of pregnancy, although especially they begin to be noticed as of week five of gestation.
Nausea in pregnancy. When do they start and when do they end?
A symptom such as nausea during pregnancy is normal and there is nothing to worry about. In fact, a large majority of women suffer from them in the first trimester of pregnancy, although especially during the first weeks. As a general rule, nausea is usually more frequent in the morning, although it can be experienced at any time of the day or the whole day. They are undoubtedly one of the first symptoms that indicate that pregnancy has begun.
Its appearance is mainly due to the increase in hormonal levels, specifically the hormone HGC (human chorionic gonadotropin) also known as the pregnancy hormone since it is secreted as soon as the embryo is implanted in the uterus. This hormone reaches its maximum level in week 8 and begins to decrease in week 12. When this happens, the most common symptoms disappear. And yes, many do not end because they have never begun. In fact, although there are many women who notice first nausea before week 5 of gestation and others begin already in week 6, there are some lucky women who never suffer this discomfort.
How to relieve nausea during pregnancy?
It is true that milder cases of nausea could be improved by various changes in lifestyle or diet, such as increasing protein intake, eating small amounts of food every two to three hours and avoiding foods with intense odors, Spicy, fatty and fried. However, you will always have to inform the midwife or obstetrician of the symptoms because depending on the symptomatology the medical professional will choose to introduce changes in lifestyle or prescribe a drug that attenuates the symptoms.
And in the case that, for example, the nausea is constant and even prevents you from eating, consult with the gynecologist so that he can prescribe some anti- dizziness medication. You can also try to eat something before getting out of bed, as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), avoid copious meals, but without forgetting to eat every two or three hours, and trying to sleep a lot and get away from stress. Avoid as far as possible abrupt movements, and take a deep breath and avoid enclosed, poorly ventilated or smoky places. But above all, be very patient. In addition, it is normal for nausea to enter the second trimester of pregnancy.
What can a pregnant woman with nausea eat?
The best recommendation that a pregnant woman should adopt regarding food is not to make too copious meals, make frequent meals in small quantities and rich in protein, and avoid fats and spicy foods. As for breakfast, always remember to never skip it or prolong the fast of the night. In the early hours of the day, the best will be those rich in carbohydrates such as fruit, cereals, bread or cookies. If the nausea is usually morning it is also advisable to take a small snack before getting one of the beds. Simply a handful of cereals without milk or some cookie will suffice.
Preference should be given to lighter meals based on fruits, fresh fish, yogurt and cereals because they help regulate the intestine and favor digestion. It is also important that there is an increase in calcium intake including, of course, cheese, milk, and egg yolk; an increase in iron intake and increase intake by 200 micrograms per day of fats and consume omega-3 fatty acids. And never forget to hydrate enough. Hydration during pregnancy is essential. Between 2 and 2.5 liters of liquids per day are recommended, although around 700 ml can be derived from foods that already have water in their composition.
Finally, and perhaps the most important part when the pregnant woman suffers nausea very often, is to respect the appetites at the time of eating. However, never forget to tell the doctor everything if nausea persists too much.